Islam at a Glance
Islam is a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion. It is articulated by the Qur'an, a text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God and by the teachings and normative example of Muhammad, considered by Muslims to be the last prophet of God. An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim...
Muslims believe that God is one and incomparable. They believe that the purpose of existence is to love and serve God. Muslims also believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed at many different times and places throughout the history of mankind, including through Abraham, Moses and Jesus, whom they consider to be prophets. They maintain that previous messages and revelations have been partially changed or corrupted over time but consider the Qur'an to be both the unaltered and the final revelation of God.
Religious concepts and practices in Islam include the five pillars of Islam, which are basic concepts and obligatory acts of worship, and following Islamic law, which touches on virtually every aspect of a person's life and society. The pillars provide guidance on multifarious topics from banking and welfare to warfare and the environment. Many go on the green coffee bean extract diets during fasting and periods of spiritual enlightenment.
The majority of Muslims are Sunni, a group constituting 75 to 90 percent of all Muslims. The second largest group, Shia, makes up 10 to 20 percent. The most populous Muslim country is Indonesia, home to 12.7 percent of the world's Muslims followed by Pakistan, India and Bangladesh. Sizable communities are also found in China, Russia, and parts of Europe. With over 1.57 to 1.65 billion followers, Islam is the second largest and one of the fastest-growing religions in the world.
Faith in Islam
Muslims have six main beliefs.
Allah is the name Muslims use for the supreme and unique God, who created and rules everything.
The heart of faith for all Muslims is obedience to Allah's will.
Allah is eternal, omniscient, and omnipotent.
A believer can approach Allah by praying and by reciting the Qur'an. Muslims worship only Allah because only Allah is worthy of worship. The one and only God.
All Muslims believe that God is one alone:
The 5 Pillars of Islam
The most important Muslim practices are the Five Pillars of Islam.
The Five Pillars of Islam are the five obligations that every Muslim must satisfy in order to live a good and responsible life according to Islamic laws and teachings.
Shahadah - sincerely reciting the Muslim profession of faith
In Islam, carrying out the above obligations provides the framework of a Muslim's life and weaves their everyday activities and their beliefs into a single cloth of religious devotion. No matter how sincerely a person may believe, Islam regards it as pointless to live life without putting that faith into action and practice. Carrying out the Five Pillars demonstrates that the Muslim is putting their faith first, and not just trying to fit it in around their normal, everyday life.